Artificial Intelligence kya hai? Hinglish mein. 2022

artificial-intelligence-kya-hai-hinglish-mein
Hello friends, hinglishblogin par aap sabka welcome hai. Aaj ka blogpost ek bahut hi burning topic par hai aur log kahte hai ki ye ek esa technology hai jo pure duniya ko revolutionize karne ki ability rakhta hai matlab badal dene ki shamta rakhta hai.

Toh dosto kya apne "Artificial Intelligence" ka nam suna hai ye ek esa topic jo aaj ke samay mein bahut hi charche mein hai.

Agar apko thora bahut bhi idea hai ki artificial intelligence kya hai toh ye bahut achi baat hai aur agar apko is topic ke bare mein bilkul bhi idea nahi hai jese ki ye kya hai, kaise hai, toh ye blogpost bilkul apke liye hai.

Table of Content

Artificial Intelligence kya hai?

Agar dekhe toh aaj ke time par internet ke upar bahut sari Artificial Intelligence ki paribhasa padi hui hai lekin agar hum "John McCarthy " ji ko qoute kare jo ki artificial intelligence ke founder mein se ek hai toh wo kahte hai ki basically artificial intelligence ek esi vigyan hai, ek esi engineering hai jaha intelligent machines banaya jata hai khas tor par intelligent computer programs.

Simple shabd mein bolu toh ek esa machine jo insano(Humans) ke jesa understanding aur intelligence rakhta ho ya insano jesa sochta ho ya act karta ho. Artificial intelligence ko hindi mein "krtrim hosiyari" kaha jata hai.

Turing test kya hai?

Basically turing test yahi hai ki koi bhi Artificial Intelligence entity (koi machine ya bastu jo AI rakhta ho) kisi human ke sath bartalap kar sake bina kisi problem ke. Aur agar us insan ko phele se pata na ho ki ye ek AI hai toh usse bartalap ke dauran bilkul ye nahi lagna chahiye ki wo ek AI se baat kar raha hai.

Artificial Intelligence kaise kam karti hai?

Ek AI system build karne ke liye bahut savadhani se kam karna padta hai yaha reverse-engineering karke machines ke andar human traits(lakshan) aur capabilities ko dala jata hai, fir uske powers ko hum apne kamo ke liye use karte hai.

Actually mein artificial intelligence kaise kam karti hai isko samjhne ke liye hume aur gaharai mein jake artificial intelligence ke sub-domains ke bare mein samjhna hoga, aur kaise hum in alag-alag- domains ko alag-alag fields mein use karte hai.

1. Machine Learning

ML ek process hai jaha ek machine apne past experience ke based par decision lena ya kisi kam par interference(hastakshep) karna sikhta hai.

Ye patterns identify karta hai aur apne pichle data analyse karta hai unmien meaning dhunta hai aur fir ek suitable conclusion banata hai apne problem ka. Ye jo automatic conclusion evolve hoke ata hai ismein koi bhi human involvement nahi hota hai, jo humans ke liye time saving hota hai.

2. Deep Learning

Deep learning ek technique hai jo machine learning ke andar ata hai. Ye machines ko koi bhi input layers ke form mein process karna sikhata hai taki wo outcome ko easily classify aur predict kar sake.

3. Neural Network

Neural network usi tarah kam karta hai jis tarah human neural cells. Ye bahut sara algorithm ka ek series hai jo kisi bhi 2 ya use jayda bastu ke bich relation capture karta hai or uske according data process karta hai exactly jese humara brain karta hai.

4. Neural Language Processing

NPL ek esa process ya science hai jaha machine koi language ko read, understand aur fir interpret karta hai, aur ekbar jab machine ko pata lag jata hai ki users kya khana chah raha hai fir uske according machine respond karta hai.

5. Computer Vision

Computer vision, algorithm hota hai jaha ek machine kisi image ko break karke uske alag-alag part ko study karta hai aur samajhta hai. Isse machine ko kisi bhi set of image ko classify aur learn karne me asani hota hai aur isike based par machine acha out decision de pata hai.

6. Cognitive Computing

Ye bhi ek algorithm hai jo human brain ko mimic karne ka try karta hai kisi text/speech/image/object ko analyse karke. Humans ke hi tarah ye bhi in sab data ko analyse karke desired output deta hai.

Artificial Intelligence kitne prakar ke hote hai?

1. Artificial Narrow Intelligence
2. Artificial Genaral Intelligence
3. Artificial Super Intelligence

Stong aur weak Artificial Intelligence kya hai?

Jab hum artificial intelligence ke andar aur deep jate hai tab hum AI ko 2 categories mein devide kar dete hai strong AI aur weak AI. In dono terms ko John Searle ne introduce kia tha taki hum AI machines ko unke performance level ke upar differentiate kar sake.

Strong AI

Ye ek bahut hi bada application hai iska scope bahut hi vast hai. Strong AI human level ki intelligence ko posses karta hai. Ye clustering aur association ka use karta hai data process karne ke liye. Eg: Advance Robotics

Weak AI

Ye bhaut hi narrow(chota) application hai iska scope bahut hi limited hai. Weak AI ka use specific task karne ke liye use hota hai, ye AI supervised aur unsupervised learning use karke data process karta hai. Eg: Siri, Alexa.

Artificial Intelligence ke examples(udaharan)

1. Siri, Alexa, Google Assitance, etc
2. Khud se chalne wali cars
3. khud se kam karne wale robots
4. Robo-advisors
5. Spam emails ko filter karne wala system
6. Apps use karte samye recommendations  milna
Technology
December 27, 2021
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