Janiye Election Commission of India ke bare mein. Hinglishblog.in 2023

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Hello, friends hinglishblog.in par apka welcome hai aaj hum Election Commission of India ke bare mein kuch points discuss karne wale hai. Agar apko Election Commission of India ke bare kuch idea prapt karna hai toh ye blog post bilkul apke liye hai.

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Election Commission of India kya hai? Aur kaise kam karta hai?

Doston Election commission ek permanent aur independent body hai jisko Constitution of  India ne established kiya hai jo ensure karta hai free and fair election pure India mein.

Article 324 ke tahat India mein hone wale sare elections Parliament, State legislatures, office of president of India, and office of vice-president of India ka pura power aur control election comission of India ke upar hota hai.

Isiliye hum election commission ko all India body bol sakte hai is sense mein ki election commission common hai Central government  aur state government ke liye.

Lekin election commission ka state mein hone wale panchayats aur municipalities election mein koi haat nahi hota hai, uske liye constitution alag se state election commission provide karta hai.

(Article 324 - Elections ka lead, dekh-rekh, and control ka jimedari election commission ke upar hai)

Composition (banawat) of Election Commission.

Article 324 ke tahat constitution of India ne composition of election commssion ko lekar kuch provisons banaye hai.

  • Chief election commissioner aur anaya election commissioner ko kebal president hi appoint kar sakta hai.
  • Jab anya election commissioner ko appoint karne ki bari aata hai  tab chief election commissioner, chairman of election commission ke tarah act karta hai.
  • election commissioner aur regional commissioner ke condition of service aur tenure ko president hi determine karta hai.
Jab election commission aarambh hua, 1950 se lekar 15 october 1989 tak election commission ek single member body ke tarah function karta tha jaha ek chief election commissioner hota tha.
16 october 1989 ko president ne 2 aur naya election commissioner bana dia kyunki election commission ne voting age ko 21 years se 18 years kara tha aur single commissioner se manage nahi ho pa raha tha.

Uske bad se election commission multimember body ke tarah kam karne laga ja sirf 3 election commissioner tha. fir bad mein january 1990 ko 2 commissioner ke post ko hata diya gya. Aur firse wo single member body ban gya.
Then again 1993 ko president ne 2 naye election commissioner ko appoint kiya aur tab se aaj tak election commission ek multimember body hai 3 election commissioner ke saath.

Chief election commissioner and 2 anya election commissioner ke pass equal power, equal salary and  allowances, aur equal facilities hote hai, jo ki supreme court ke judge se simillar hote hai.
Agar chief election commissioner aur anya 2 election commissioner ke opinioms mein differences hota hai toh wo matter election commission majority ke based par decide karta hai.

Chief commissioner aur 2 anya commissiner ke service tenure 6 years ka hota ya fir jab tak wa 65 years ke nahi ho jate. Aur wo kabhi bhi resign de sakte hai ya service se phele remove bhi kiya ja sakta hai.
polity
October 29, 2022
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