Bharat ke Nagrikon ka Maulik Kartavya (fundamental duties) kya hai? Hinglishblog.in 2023

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Hello friends hinglishblog.in par apka swagat hai aaj ka blog post hai Fundamental duties (maulik kartavya) ke bare mein, agar apko Bharat ke nagrikon ka maulik kartavya ke  bare janna hai toh ye blog post bilkul apke liye hai.

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Fundamental Duties (Maulik Kartavya)

Doston citizens ke rights aur duties (maulik kartavya) apas mein correlative hai jise hum alag-alag nahi kar sakte hai. Lekin suruwat ke time original constitution mein sirf fundamental rights (maulik adhikar) ke bare mein likha tha aur fundamental duties ke bare mein kahi bhi mentioned nahi tha.

Constitution jab bann raha tha us samay constitution ko banane wale logon ko ye jaruri nhi laga ki vah fundamental duties (maulik kartavya) ko constitution mein add kare. Lekin state ke duties ko vah logon ne ache se constitution mein mentioned kiya tha as Directive Principles of State Policy.

Bad mein 1976 mein fundamental duties of citizens (nagrikon ka maulik kartavya) ko constitution mein add kiya gya aur 2002 mein, ek aur naya fundamental duty ko add kiya gya.

Constitution of erstwhile USSR se inspired ho kar India ne fundamental duties (maulik kartavya) ko apne constitution me introduced kiya hai, par abhi bhi bahut ese major democratic countries hai like USA, Canada, France, Germany, Australia, etc. jinke constitution mein fundamental duties bilkul mentioned nahi hai.

Maulik Kartavya (fundamental duties) ko Bharat ke sambidhan main kaise jora gya? Swaran Singh Committee Recomendation kya hai?

1976 mein Congress party ne ek committee banaya jiska nam Sardar Swaran Singh Committee tha aur is committee ke logon ne fundamental duties (maulik kartavya) ko constitution mein jorne ke liye recommend kiya.

Fundamental duties (maulik kartavya) ki jaruart humein kyun hai iska mulya humein 1975-1978 ke internal emergency ke dauran feel hua. Swaran Singh Committee ne ye recommend kiya ki constitution mein alag se fundamental duties mentioned hone chahiye.

Maulik kartavya ka main maksad yahi tha ki jis tarah citizens constitution se diye gye maulik adhikaron ka lav utha rahe hai usi tarah unka bhi ye reponsibility banta hai ki wo apne duties ko bhi ache se follow kare.

Us samay Congress Government power mein tha aur unhone is recommendation ko accept kar liya aur 1976 mein 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act ko introduce kiya. Is amendment ke karan constitution mein ek naya Part ko introduce kiya gya jiska nam Part IVA tha.

Part IVA mein bas ek article tha 51A aur is article mein 10 fundamental duties ke bare mein specified kiya gya tha. Aur congress party ne ye bhi kaha tha ki fundamental duties ko constitution mein na add karna ek historical mistake tha.

Swaran Singh Committee ne 8 fundamental duties ko constitution mein add karne ka suggestion dia tha lekin 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976) ke tahat 10 fundamental duties ko article 51A mein jora gya. (2002 mein ek aur fundamental duty ko jora gya, aur aaj ke time par 11 fundamental duties hai.)

11 Maulik Kartavya kon kon se hai?

Article 51A ke tahat har Bharatiya nagrik ka ye duty (kartavya) hai ki vah :-
  1. Indian Constitution ka palan karna, iske aadarshon, sansthaon, National Anthem, aur National flag ka respect karna.
  2. Freedom ke liye national struggle ko prerit karne wale mahaan aadarshon ko manna aur unka paalan karna.
  3. Bharat ke sovereignty, ekata, aur akhandata ko banae rakhane aur uski raksha karane ke liye.
  4. Desh ki raksha karna, aur esa karne ke liye bulaya jaye toh rashtriya seva pradan karna.
  5. Bharat ke sabhi logon ke bich religious, linguistic, regional ya sectional vividhataon se pare sadbhav aur samaan bhaichare ki bhavana ko badhava dena aur mahilaon ki garima ke liye apamanjanak thoughts (soch) ka tayag karna.
  6. Desh ki mishrit sanskrti ki rich heritage ko mahatav dena aur sanrakshit karna.
  7. Forests, lakes, rivers, aur wildlife sahit prakritik paryanvaran ki raksha aur sudhar karna, aur jeevit praniyon ke liye daya dikhana.
  8. Ek vaigyanik svabhav, manavtavad, aur jaanch aur sudhar ki bhavana vikasit karne ke liye.
  9. Sarvajanik sampatti ki raksha aur hinsa ko dur karne ke liye
  10. Vyaktigat aur samoohik gatividhi ki sabhi kshetron mein utkrshtata ki disha mein prayas karne ke liye taki desh uchch sthar tak pahunche.
  11. 6 se 14 varsh ki aayu ke bich apne bache ko siksha ki avasar pradan karna. (ye duty 86th Constitutional Amendment act ke tahat 2002 mein article 51A mein jora gya tha.)
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October 30, 2022
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