Bitcoin Kya Hota Hai. Pura Details Mein Samjhe. 2022

Bitcoin-kya-hai-pura-details

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Bitcoin Kya Hota Hai?

Bitcoin ek naya digital currency hai jo 2009 mein ek agyaat vyakti duara alias(urph/anye nam) Satoshi Nakamoto ke upyog se banaya gaya tha. Jin logon ne milkar is technology ko banaya tha unka identity abhi bhi ek rahasya hai. 

Yaha jo transactions hote hai usme kisi bhi tarah ki third party ya financial institution ki jarurat nahi hoti hai, matlab yaha pe paise ki len-den karne ke liye humein kisi bhi tarah ki banks ki jarurat nahi hoti hai, matlab government duara issued currencies ke vipareet yah bitcoins ek decentralized authority(Vikendrikrt pradhikaran) duara operate kia jata hai.

Bitcoin ek type ka cryptocurrency hai, aur yah physically present nahi hote hai. Bitcoin kisi bhi bank ya government duara jaari ya samarthit nahi hai. Koi legal tender na hone ke vajah se bitcoin bahut famous hai, aur bahut sare anye cryptocurrencies ke launch ko trigger kia hai.

Bitcoin Kaise Kaam Karti Hai?

Jo bitcoin system hai vah ek bahut sare computers ka collections hai(nodes ya miners ke roop mein bhi jana jata hai) jo ki sabhi bitcoin's ke code ko chalata hai aur blockchain mein store karta hai. 

Blockchain matlab blocks ka collections jaha har ek block transactions(len-den) ka collection hota hai. Kyunki har ek computers jo blockchain run karti hai unme same list of blocks aur transaction hote hai jiske liye yah bahut transparent hota hai aur koi bhi is system ko cheat nahi kar sakta.

1. Balances/Santulan - Blockchain kya hai.

Blockchain ek shared sarvajanik khata hai jis par pura bitcoin network nirbhar karta hai. Sare confirmed transactions blockchain mein shamil hota hai. 

Yah bitcoin wallet ko apne kharch karne yogya balance ko calculate karne ki anumati deti hai taki naye len-den ko verify kia ja sake, jisse yah sunishchit ho sake ki jo bitcoins hai vah vastav mein kharcha karne wale ki khud ki hai. 

Blockchain ki integrity(akhandta) aur chronological(kalanukramik) order cryptography ke saath lagoo hoti hai.

2. Transaction/Len-den - private keys kya hai.

Transaction matlab bitcoin wallets ke bich mulya ka hastantaran hai(transfer of values), jo blockchain mein shamil ho jata hai. 

Bitcoin wallet ek private key(atm pin jaisa) ya seed namak gupt data ko rakhta hai jiska upyog transaction par signature karne ke liye kiya jata hai, aur yah is baat ka praman deta hai ki yah transaction owner(malik) ke wallet se hua hai. 

Signature ek bar jaari hone ke bad kise ke duara transaction ko badalne se bhi rokta hai. Sabhi transaction network par prasarit kiye jate hai aur 10-20 minutes ke bhitar mining process ke madhyam se confirm kiye jaate hai.

3. Processing/Prasanskaran - Mining kya hai.

Mining ek vitarit consensus(aam sahmati) pranali hai jiska upyog pending transaction ko confirm karne ke liye kiya jata hai unhe blockchain mein shamil karke. 

Yah blockchain mein ek chronological (kalanukramik) order ko lagoo karata hai, network ke neutrality(tatsthata) ki raksha karta hai, aur vibhinn computeron ko system ke sthiti par sahamat hone ki anumati deta hai. 

Confirm kiye jane ke liye transactions ko ek block mein pack kiya jana chahiye jo bahut sakht cryptographic niyamon mein fit baithe aur iske badh network duara verify(satyapit) kiya jata hai.

Yah niyam pichale blockon ko modified(sanshodhit) hone se rokta hai kyunki modify karne se baad ke sabhi blocks amanya ho jate hai. Mining ek competitive lottery ki samatulya banati hai jo kisi bhi vyakti ko blockchain mein lagatar naye blockon ko easily jodne se rokta hai.

 Is tarah, blockchain mein shamil kisi bhi cheez ko ek sammoh ya vyakti duara niyantrit nahi kia ja sakta hai aur khud ke kharcho ko wapas roll karne ke liye blockchain ke hisson ko badal nahi sakta hai.

Bitcoin Mining Kaise Karte Hai?

Bitcoin mining vah process hai jiske duara bitcoins ko prachalan mein jaari kiya jata hai. aam taur par mining se naye block khojne ke liye computers ko kathin puzzles(paheli) ko solve(hal) karne ki avashyakta hoti hai, jo badh mein blockchain mein add ho jati hai.

Bitcoin mining poore network mein transactions record ko block mein add karta hai aur styapit(verifies). Blockchain mein block add karne ke liye minerson ko kuch bitcoins se puraskarit kia jata hai. Har 210,000 blockon ke liye innam ko adha kia jata hai. 

Bitcoin ko mine karne ke liye vibhinn prakar ke hardware ka upyog kiya ja sakta hai, halanki kuch hardware dusron ke tulana mein jayda reward deti hai. 

Kuch computer chips jinhe Application-specific-integrated-circuit(ASIC) kaha jata hai,aur advanced processing unit jaise Graphic-processing-unit(GPUs) ke duara aur jayda rewards prapt kar sakte hai. In vistrit mining processoron ko "mining rigs" ke roop mein bhi jana jata hai.

Ek bitcoin 8 dashamlav sthanon ke liye divisible hai(100 millionths of 1 bitcoin). Aur sabse choti unit ko satoshi kaha jata hai.

Peer-to-Peer(P2P) Technology Kya Hai?

Bitcoin instant payment ki suvidha dene ke liye peer-to-peer technology ka upyog karne wala sabse pehla digital currency mein se ek hai. P2P ek technology hai jo ki ek bahut hi saral principle(sidhant) par adharit hai, aur yah decentralization(vikendrikaran) ki avdharana hai. 

Blockchain ka jo peer-to-peer banawat hai vah cryptocurrency ko poori duniya mein bina kisi bichauliye ya kendrya server ke transfer karne ki anumati deta hai.

Vitarit peer-to-peer network ke saath, jo koi bhi vyakti block ko styapit karne ke prakriya mein bhag lena chahta hai vah bitcoin nodes set kar sakta hai.

Cryptocurrency
February 01, 2021
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